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Follow Us Twitter Facebook. Switch to Mobile Site Night mode Sites: Please log in to comment. The pimp will often cajole the women into believing they are a boyfriend, then take most, if not all, of the money they earn. Other cases exist where husbands have enticed their wives into prostitution: Being viewed as a sex object is a commonly held opinion by the women in this study. Psychological Issues of Prostitution.
You have to be quite smart, a good actress…That does affect your mind…I can be something in one room and completely different in another. I can have my normal life as well. A French woman discusses the problems she has encountered with this dual-identity: Many of the women admit their attitudes have changed, especially towards men. A French woman shares this conviction: In fact, seventy-five per cent of women in prostitution have been victims of childhood sexual and physical abuse.
It is possible that the way women in prostitution feel about men has not been caused by prostitution but by childhood abuse. However, it is probable that these feelings are reinforced by their work. There is a social stigma attached to prostitution. It also seems women in prostitution feel differently toward people who are not in the life and that they think those people see them in a different way.
Due to the way many people view women in prostitution, some do not tell their non-working friends of their working life. I think people take the piss out of that a lot. You always get looked at like a hooker. People look at you very different. She makes a point that, as a prostitute, you have less in common with non-working women.
There is no marker as to the response of their friends. This is dependent on the views and attitudes held by those individuals. It seems that many women in prostitution feel that they are viewed differently than other women by prospective boyfriends. She is worried that a boyfriend will just be interested in the money she makes as a prostitute. My body just feels rotten to me. Her mother was abroad at the time, and as her parents do not speak to each other, her mother did not find out.
Her father and her sister saw the article and she discusses their reactions. He says I should educate myself and get a proper profession.
Although she says that she feels bad about keeping a secret from her mother. The women seem to confide in their mothers because they want a real, honest relationship with them.
Within society, there is a variety of opinions held on prostitution and women who work as prostitutes, from victim, to menace, to necessity. The community wanted them back on the streets. These actions include soliciting for business, living off immoral earnings and even sharing a flat with another woman in prostitution, which is interpreted by the law as running a brothel.
Arrest and prosecution are purely gestures…to keep up the facade of public morality. It is only the female prostitute who is labelled by the police as a Common Prostitute. It appears the police can treat women in prostitution differently from other women and can be unsympathetic when a woman in prostitution has a crime committed against her.
Hence, when she was raped by a client, she did not consider reporting it to the police. Seventy per cent of women in prostitution have suffered multiple rapes, and most do not report rape or any other crimes committed against them to the police.
It should be recognised that a prostitute engages in deviant behaviour and although all criminal behaviour is deviant not all deviant behaviour is criminal. The prostitute is not a criminal within all societies; however, she is usually considered a non-conformist and a deviant in most. There are many theories of crime and deviance, few theories that relate to females who engage in such activities and no credible theories of prostitution.
Sociologists and psychologists have tended to ignore the female criminal or sexualised her as the field has been dominated by men. Psychological and biological causes for criminal behaviour date back to the late nineteenth century. Lombroso thought he had discovered that women were not as far evolved as men, and as such, had less capacity to deviate. Freud, the founding father of psychoanalysis, believed that female crime was related to penis-envy.
However, if penis is replaced with power, which more men than women possess within society, this theory could be applied to prostitution. It is unlikely that it can account for all prostitution, but some women say they feel in control and have more power from working in prostitution. Hans Eysenck , a psychometric personality theorist, carried out research which led him to believe that criminals were more likely to have a neurotic extrovert personality. He also found that unmarried mothers were more prone, than other women, to be extroverts, therefore were more inclined to engage in criminal activities.
Another organic cause of crime, and the basis on which many women are relieved of responsibility for their criminal acts, is pre-menstrual tension. This theory cannot be applied to prostitution, as there will be few, if any, women who only work as prostitutes when they are in a pre-menstrual state. Other psychogenic explanations of crime relate to mental pathology. What leads a woman to make this decision might be discovered by looking at prostitution in a social, rather than a purely psychological context, because prostitution takes place within society by members of society.
Social control theory can be used to examine both female participation in criminal activities as well as their absence. Feminist sociologists, including Heindensohn, attest that females are subject to more social control than males. One main reason for this is to avoid damaging her reputation, which is based on her sexuality and determined by males. Therefore, parental control and guidance is less likely to be prevalent or if forthcoming, it is certainly less likely to be heeded particularly after the abuse has stopped and independence gained.
Another theory that can be used to examine what steers some women away from prostitution and what encourages others to become involved is labeling theory. This theory stresses that the label given to criminals encourages them to become increasingly involved in criminal behaviour. If this is applied to prostitution it can be seen that from suffering abuse and being viewed and treated by the abuser as a sex object could encourage the victim to behave as such.
The power of labeling can also stop women becoming involved in prostitution. Many women experience the label of a good and pure woman, the Madonna. Hence, they feel unable to take on the opposing role, the Magdalene. However, this theory can not explain why the friends of women in the life do not work as prostitutes. However, this can be accounted for if both differential association and labeling theory are applied concurrently.
This theory should not be applied to prostitution.